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In Telungu


The following are examples of exogamous septs among the Boya, Bhovi, Waddar, Vaddera and Odes:

  • Alkunta
  • Burasu or Oorsu or Poola ( Flower )
  • Bantula ( Soldier )
  • Bandi ( Cart )
  • andollu ( Rock )
  • Cheemala ( Ants )
  • Cheruku ( Sugar )
  • Dandu ( Army )
  • Deringula ( A place )
  • Gandikota ( A place )
  • Gampa ( Basket )
  • Goddali ( axe )
  • Janjapu or Kunchapu ( Sacred Thread )
  • Jeri Bothula or jadebila ( Centipede )
  • Bandi ( Cart )
  • Kotala ( Fort )
  • Idakotta ( Break-down )
  • Mekala or Makali ( Herdsmen )
  • Muddakalar(Sooramari)
  • Nalla Bothula ( Good )
  • Peetalu ( Strength )
  • Panthikottu ( pig-killer )
  • Pasupu ( Turmeric )
  • Rajulu ( Prince )
  • Santhalu ( Fair )
  • Thapatta ( Drum )
  • Thatichettu ( Palmyra )
  • Uppu tolla ( Salt )
  • Vallapu or Bellappu ( Jaggery )
  • Vemulu ( Neem )
  • Thaalluri ( Landlords )
  • Koniali ( Clown )

In Tamil


  • Aalam Kulam ( Banyan Tree )
  • Eecham Kulam ( Palmyra Tree )
  • Dhandu Kulam ( Army )
  • Dyarangam Kulam ( Tent )
  • Karumbu Kulam ( Sugar cane )
  • Komali Kulam ( Clown )
  • Manjal Kulam ( Turmeric )
  • Mudda kulam (Raja kulam)
  • Nallam Kulam ( Good )
  • Poosam Kulam ( Flower )
  • Raja Kulam ( Prince )
  • Raasi Kulam ( Luck )
  • Semavar Kulam ( Ants )
  • Theku Kulam ( Teak Tree)
  • Vembu Kulam ( Neem Tree)
  • Uppu Kulam ( salt )

In Kannada


  • Akshantala (Rice grain)
  • Arashina (Turmeric)
  • Huvvina (flowers)
  • Honna (gold)
  • Uppu ( salt )

Common gotras found in other castes for example :- Dandu (army) — A sub-division of Idiga, and an exogamous sept of Boya and Kapu. Gandikota. — A sub-division of Kamma.

Other Sub Groups


During the medieval times, the state corresponding roughly with modern-day Orissa passed under the various names such as; Utkala, Kalinga, and Odra (Udra) Desa. The state boundaries varied from time to time and were sometimes much larger. These land names are associated with peoples. The Okkala (Okkaliar), or Utkala , the Kalinga, and the Odra or Oddaka were mentioned in literature as tribes. Ancient Greeks knew the latter two as Kalingai and Oretes. Eventually, the names got identified with the territories later classified with occupation. The land was inhabited by semi-Hinduized tribes (shabaras) in the hinterland, a group of farming Brahmins (halua brahmuna) who practised invincible Tantra method near Jajpur area (the place of Goddess Biraja), and people of other castes and trades as well. For centuries before and after the birth of Christ, Kalinga was a formidable political power, extending from the Ganges river to the Godavari river. Approximately between the 11th and 16th centuries, the name was twisted and the name Odra Desh was gradually transformed into Uddisa, Udisa, or Odisa, which in English became Orissa. The language of Odisa came to be known as Oriya. The important Deity of Odes is 'Jasma devi'

The Ode tribes migrated to Gujarat around 12th century for construction of temples in which they are more specialized. People who supplied stone and lime for construction work of Temples, Tanks and Wells were termed as Bovi, Oddar, Vaddera, Uppara, sagara and Waddar in Andhra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The word 'Bhovi' is a corrupt form of 'Bhavi' which means 'well' in Kannada, it also means 'earth-digger'. They have been involved in the digging of wells. There is a confusion of 'Boya' a 'Kshatriya' caste and 'Bovi' a 'shudra' caste mix-up there is no proper evidence in which period this has taken place, but some gotras are common. Many castes in Andhra pradesh have shared common gotras. This may be one of the reason for mix-up in remote regions in different periods. Thus various irrelevant castes has become sub-caste of Boya.

These may be part of Boyar communities also a sub-caste of other caste or community and some have common gotras / surname through out India.

  • Bhoi / Bhoir
  • Bhoyi / Boyi
  • Bhovi / Bovi
  • Bhoyar / Bhuyal
  • Beda / Beldar / Bedar / Bendar / Bendre
  • Besta Boya / Maratha Bhoi
  • Chauhan / Chavan
  • Odde / Ode / Oudh
  • Odde Raju / Odde Razu
  • Odeya / Ottan
  • Pawar / Powar
  • Vadde / Vaddera / Vaddi
  • Vadde Raju
  • Vada Balija
  • Vadde Reddy
  • Waddar / Wadkar / Waddera
  • Waddar / Wadkar / Waddera

In the Mysore Census Report of 1891, it was mentioned that the Odde caste divided itself into two main branches, the Kallu and Mannu Vaddas, between whom there is no social intercourse of any kind, or inter-marriage. The former are stone-workers and builders and are more robust than the latter, and are very dexterous in moving large masses of stone by rude and elementary mechanical appliances. They are hardy, capable of great exertion and endurance. The Kallu Vaddas consider themselves superior to the Mannu Vaddas (earth diggers). Unlike the Kallu Vaddas, the Mannu Vaddas, or Bailu Vaddas, are a nomadic tribe, squatting wherever they can find any large earthwork, such as deepening and repairing tanks, throwing up embankments, and the like. They are expert navvies, turning out within a given time more hard work than any other labouring class.

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